Police dating canada
The inquiry repeated the earlier recommendation of transferring intelligence operations from the RCMP to a civilian agency.
Legislation creating such an agency, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, was proclaimed on 1 July 1984.
Canada in the 1870s, like most jurisdictions whose legal systems were based on English common law, had few police forces.
The larger cities had primitive local constabularies; small towns and the countryside had no police at all.
In 1869 William Mc Dougall, sent out as first Canadian lieutenant-governor of the North-West Territories, carried instructions to organize a police force under Captain D. In May that year, Parliament passed an Act establishing a force, and 150 recruits were sent west that August to spend the winter at Fort Garry (what is now Winnipeg). The new police force, which gradually acquired the name North-West Mounted Police (NWMP), was organized along the lines of a cavalry regiment and armed with pistols, carbines (small, short-barreled rifles) and a few small artillery pieces.
Several reports on the state of affairs in the North-West Territories had stressed the symbolic significance of the traditional British army uniform for the Indigenous people.
The RCMP was subsequently discovered to have engaged in illegal activities in Québec, such as burning a barn and stealing a membership list of the Parti Québécois.
The postwar period saw a continued expansion of the RCMP's role as a provincial force. The question of which level of government controls the RCMP in a given set of circumstances still remains vague.
In 1950 the RCMP assumed responsibility for provincial policing in Newfoundland (which had joined Canada in 1949), and also absorbed the British Columbia provincial police. It has been a source of tension between the federal and provincial governments, leading to threats by provinces to cancel their RCMP contracts and establish their own provincial police.
The Hudson's Bay Company had ruled this frontier (what is today northern Quebec and Ontario, all of Manitoba, and parts of Saskatchewan, Alberta and the northern territories) for almost two centuries without serious friction between fur traders and the Indigenous population.
There were few traders, and their livelihood depended on economic co-operation with the Indigenous people.