Painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating
D., predate the origins of similar sophisticated painting techniques in medieval Europe and the Mediterranean by more than a hundred years.
The discovery may also provide insights into cultural exchange along the Silk Road connecting east and west Asia during that time period.
Buddhist murals from Afghanistan's famed Bamian caves are the world's earliest known oil paintings, according to a new chemical analysis.
(See photos of the paintings and the cliffs that housed them.) The finds, dated to around the 7th century A.
The concept of using oil binders for pigment goes back further than is sometimes supposed.
It was mentioned in the late fifth century by the Byzantine writer Aëtius, and a recipe for an oil varnish (in which a drying oil is mixed with natural resins) was listed in an eighth-century Italian manuscript.
Taniguchi’s collaborators used X-ray beams produced by the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France, to determine the composition and crystal structures of pigment particles in the colours.
She says that oils have an unambiguous spectroscopic signature, and that their molecular components have been confirmed by the technique of chromatography.
She adds that the oils are found under other layers of paint, which helps rule out the idea of contamination.
It’s not clear who these artists were, the researchers say.
Artists in Afghanistan used a primitive form of oil paint on cave walls hundreds of years before it became common practice in Europe, according to new research.
Yoko Taniguchi of the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties in Tokyo and her co-workers analysed samples of Buddhist paintings in caves at Bamiyan in Afghanistan, made in the mid-seventh and early eighth centuries AD.