Greek amphora dating

The event for which the vase was a prize is depicted on the other side Amphorae 'of Panathenaic shape' refer to vases of this shape that are decorated in different ways, such as those in red-figure. Amphorae designed for marine transport, taken from shipwrecks of the Bronze Age, on display in the Museum of Underwater Archaeology at Bodrum Castle, Turkey.In contrast, the amphora holds under a half-ton, typically less than 50 kilograms (100 lbs). Where the pithos may have multiple small loops or lugs for fastening a rope harness, the amphora has two expansive handles joining the shoulder of the body and a long neck.The necks of pithoi are wide for scooping or bucket access. The size may require two or three handlers to lift.Panathenaic amphorae are only decorated in the black-figure technique.Athena always appears on one side, with the inscription "ton Athenethen athlon" - a prize from Athens.Most were produced with a pointed base to allow upright storage by embedding in soft ground, such as sand.

The amphora complements the large storage container, the pithos, which makes available capacities between one-half and two and one-half tons.They served as prizes in the Panathenaic Games, containing oil for victors.The Games seem to have been established in Athens in the 560s, and the earliest examples of the shape can be dated to around the same time.Panathenaic amphorae are useful for dating, since they continue to be produced well after the fourth century, becoming more elongated and elaborate.From the fourth century, the name of the archon for the year is inscribed, permitting an unusually precise means of fixing chronology.

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