Dating blue mountain pottery marks

archeologists depend upon organic stains in the soil to identify the locations of structures, such as palisade walls Source: Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Native American Settlement at Great Neck (Figure 11) Little evidence of their lifestyle has been protected from later disturbance in the fields that were plowed by late-arriving English, Scotch, and German settlers.Even isolated shelters in the mountains have been used by modern day hunters and hikers, disturbing the archeological evidence and contaminating sites with modern charcoal.That shift in Native American culture is defined today by archeologists as the shift from Paleo-Indian to Archaic.The shift from Archaic to Woodland is also defined by new technology and new patterns of behavior.the invention of pottery enabled better food storage, but heavy pots made sense only in a society that occupied one place for long periods of time Source: National Park Service, Southeastern Prehistory - Middle Woodland Period The climate and the environment in Virginia changed at the end of the last Ice Age, 18,000 years ago.Native Americans responded by changing their technology for hunting, placing smaller points on their spears and hunting smaller game as the large mammals disappeared and deciduous forest expanded to cover Virginia.The one other rock art site in Virginia is also thought to date from the Mississippian Period.Three hand glyphs were painted inside a rock shelter at Little Mountain in Nottoway County.

Some combination of religious zeal and imposed power spurred people to load 20-40 pounds of soil into baskets and carry them as much as 100 feet uphill.The Bushnell Ware and Marcey Creek Ware forms of pottery, dating back to 1000BC, included ground-up bits of soapstone in the clay as a "temper" to minimize the cracking of pottery as clay was heated in a fire.Later forms of pottery used ground-up mussel/oyster shells or sand as a temper, eliminating reliance upon access to soapstone quarries.Pottery and its precursor, soapstone bowls facilitating cooking of food directly in the fire rather than putting hot stones into skin/bark sacks.Clay pots were fragile, not suitable for carrying on long hunting expeditions.

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